Feature Dimensional Criteria Minimum width clear of all obstructions except projections not more than 114 mm (4½ in.) Its purpose was to avoid someone from getting caught between the wall and the handrail. How often do you use stairs without holding the handrail or your hands are otherwise occupied carrying groceries, or children? NFPA 101 . It will meet International Building Code (IBC), International Residential Code (IRC), (Americans With Disabilities Act Standardards for Accessible Design) ADASAD, and American National Standards Institute (ANSI) A117.1 requirements for handrail graspability. California does not use NFPA 101). Exhibit 7.101 depicts the required 2-1/4 in. Generally: 30 to 38 inches above the stair tread (but at least 34, if new), both sides of the stairway (unless exempt), However, there was no evidence presented that this was the case. (38 mm) is an inadequate clearance for both a normal grasp and an emergency grasp of the handrail. We use these on all our handrail installs for our stairlifts. NFPA 101 is a performance code and uses an “equivalent protection” concept by permitting alternatives, such as credits in case of a fully sprinklered occupancy. (B)* Where stairs serve occupant loads exceeding that per-mitted by 7.2.2.2.1.2(A), the minimum width clear of all obstructions, except projections not more than 41⁄ 2 in. It is beneficial for builders, installers and contractors. OSHA permits compliance with NFPA 101 for stair design (OSHA 1910.35) Height of guard 42" above line of tread nosings, ramps, landings, and platforms to top of guard (7.2.2.4.5.2) IBC 1013.2 Note: verify that strength of guard complies with building code requirements (IBC 2006:1607.7.1) The 2020 Minnesota State Building Code is effective March 31, 2020, except for the Minnesota Mechanical Fuel Gas Code, which is effective April 6, 2020. If the handrail is too close to the wall, their outstretched fingertips would hit the wall preventing them from closing their hand into a “power grip”. It is most likely to apply to handrail along a fire exit or fire stairs but is not applied in all instances (e.g. The proponent of the 2-1/4″ clearance for handrail brackets felt that in that situation, an individual falling would reach out with extended fingers to grasp the handrail. Installation & Assembly Instructions – Resources. • Height: 34 to 38 inches above stair nosings and ramp surfaces. The leading edge of such a barrier shall be located 27 inches (686 mm) maximum above the finished floor. OSHA has recently updated their Section 1910.29 Fall Protection Systems and Falling Object Protection — Criteria and Practices and it matches up with the NFPA 101 requirements. However, elements of NFPA 5000 were incorporated into NFPA 101 — The Life Safety Code and NFPA 101 is commonly applied for fire stairs across the country. ANSI changed the notation to 1-1/2″ minimum in 1990. The 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design now requires a 1-1/2″ minimum, as does the ICC, IRC, and ANSI A117.1. – For children, the 2010 ADASAD recommends a maximum height of 28 inches with a minimum of 9 inches of clearance between the child’s rail … The handrail should be within the required egress width of the stair and allowed by the LSC to project 4 1/2 inches into the required egress width. Note that as of Jan. 20, 2017, OSHA also requires a 2-1/4″ minimum clearance. Here’s the problem, while the original justification for the larger clearance was to allow clearance for outstretched fingers during a fall, firefighters have discovered a new benefit to the added space — room for their bulky gloves as they race up a fire stair. Wall clearance: Handrails along a wall must have at least 1.5" of clearance between the inside surface of the rail and the wall surface. NFPA 5000 is a building code created by the NFPA to compete with the International Code Council (ICC). ©2020 The Wagner Companies, R&B Wagner, Inc. All Rights Reserved, Installing Handrail, Railing & Misc. This may result in a railing that will be passed by the building inspector but not accepted by the fire inspector. (1065 mm) high guard to serve as a handrail if it meets the hand grasping criteria. [ NFPA 101 SEC 7.2.2.4.5] New handrails on stairs shall be not less than 34 in. However, in many cases, the falls result from failing to use the handrail. A.1.1.5 Life safety in buildings includes more than safety from fire. at or below handrail height on each side 44 in. Their requirement is that there is to be a 2-1/2" minimum clearance between the wall and the handrail. If you are not holding onto the handrail and find yourself falling, your instinct would be to grasp the handrail to restrict your fall. Hey Tony the clearance explanation that you have given in the above post is really worth sharing. This may result in a railing that will be passed by the building inspector but not accepted by the fire inspector. It will not meet National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) or Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requirements. Originally created as part of their building code — NFPA 5000 — but now included in NFPA 101 — Life Safety Code, the NFPA requires a 2-1/4″ clearance between the wall and the handrail. Stairs are a safety concern in both residential and commercial construction. This has resulted in conflicts where a building inspector has approved a railing for meeting the 1-1/2″ minimum clearance but it has been “red tagged” by the fire marshall for not meeting the 2-1/4″ clearance. (57 mm) for new handrails in recognition of the fact that 1-1/2 in. This was actually a “grab bar” dimension which was part of an old version of ANSI A117.1. Attempts have been made to go back to the NFPA to request they match their minimum clearance for handrail brackets to those of the other codes and standards. For example: As always, we strongly recommend that you confirm all code issues with your local officials prior to specifying. NFPA 101® Life Safety Code® – Technical/Substantive Changes – 2000 Edition to 2003 Edition 101Changes2003.doc / Page 5 sensor (b) Listed panic hardware or fire exit hardware that, when operated, unlocks the door 7.2.1.10.1 Revolving doors, whether used or not used in the means of egress, shall comply with the following: of the handrail. By definition, a handrail is in place to provide guidance on a stair and must meet certain requirements for strength and graspability. fire marshalls), who had a great deal of influence in their jurisdictions. Learn about Ultra-tec® cable cutting, swaging measurements and how to install cable railing. concentrated load; Clearance: Between wall and Handrail: 1-1/2" minimum Exceptions: NFPA 101: 2-1/4" minimum (36 in. (2) Where handrails or handrail extensions bend or ... 2012 NFPA 101 Life Safety Code 7.2.2.5.5 Exit Stair Path Markings . Load Requirements: 50lbs/ft uniform load or; 200 lbs. ©2020 The Wagner Companies, R&B Wagner, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Here are two standard handrail brackets. increases the required minimum clearance to 2-1/4 in. below handrail height on each side, shall be 36 in. (1065 mm) high guard, as contrasted with the minimum 34 in. Handrail is required on stairs and ramps. In most cases, adequate consideration is given to life safety in … Great products. Handrail Bracket Clearance: Required clearance between a handrail and other building elements continues to confound and confuse. 7.2.2.4.5.3 permits the rail at the top of a 42 in. The code makes a distinction between a new and an existing occupancy. See our complete line of in-stock inventory. There is an allowance however for variations in the handrail size — for every 1/2″ of additional perimeter dimension over 4″, you may subtract 1/8″ from the clearance requirement. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) however is not on the same page with their requirements. Shop Now! Handrail Details. NFPA 101®: Life Safety Code® is the most widely used source for strategies for occupant safety throughout the life cycle of a building. The ICC, ANSI A117.1, and ADA all chose to maintain their dimensions as they were — 1-1/2″ minimum clearance. Additionally, the increased distance from the wall would add cost as the brackets would need to be stronger or placed more closely together to meet the load requirements. (57 mm) finger clearance. Installing Handrail, Railing & Misc. Height: 34 to 38 inches above stair nosings and ramp surfaces. Although fire safety has been the long-standing focus of NFPA 101, its widely known title, Life Safety Code, and its technical requirements respond to a wider range of concerns, including, for example, crowd safety. Always best to check with your local AHJ. It should be noted that some local jurisdictions have taken it upon themselves to avoid the conflict and have accepted the 1-1/2″ minimum clearance for fire stairs. and Handrail had to be 11/ 2", all subsequently published model codes – including the 2010 – now state this to be a ADASAD minimum requirement. View the 2015 Minnesota State Building Codes. The one on the right has a 2-1/4″ clearance between the wall and handrail and will meet IBC, IRC, ADA, ANSI A117.1, NFPA and OSHA requirements. ICC Digital Codes is the largest provider of model codes, custom codes and standards used worldwide to construct safe, sustainable, affordable and resilient structures. Straightforward installation and the ability to customize your look. Make decisions that impact lives with strategies for occupant safety in NFPA 101: Life Safety Code. NFPA 101 Chapter 2, Referenced Publications requires compliance with the 2013 edition of NFPA 13. See our complete line of in-stock inventory. Codes also generally require that there be a 1-1/2″ clearance between the underside of the handrail and any obstruction — including the horizontal bracket arm. Their requirement is that there is to be a 2-1/2″ minimum clearance between … A barrier shall be provided where the vertical clearance above a circulation path is less than 80 inches (2032 mm) high above the finished floor. OSHA permits compliance with NFPA 101 for stair design Height of guard 42" above line of tread nosings to top of guard (7.2.2.4.5.2) Note: verify that strength of guard complies with building code requirements (IBC 2006:1607.7.1) NFPA 101 Section 7.10.1.8 states "Every sign required in Section 7.10 shall be located and of such size, distinctive color, and design that it is readily visible and shall provide contrast with decorations, interior finish, or other signs." (4) New handrails shall be continuously graspable along their entire length. While a larger amount of clearance may be desirable for certain door-hardware applications, it is not required by the accessibility standards. (1) Handrails on stairs shall not be less than 34inches and not more than 38 inches above the surface of the tread measured vertically to the top of the rail from the leading edge of the tread. Here’s a quick review of where present codes now stand. Originally created as part of their building code — NFPA 5000 — but now included in NFPA 101 — Life Safety Code, the NFPA requires a 2-1/4″ clearance between the wall and the handrail. Since their inception in 1981, the 1 1/2 inches is much less than what is shown as acceptable in most manufacturers’ catalogs, but it is consistent with the clearance requirement for handrails and grab bars. Keep in mind that the NFPA is made up of government officials (i.e. The 2-1/4″ clearance requirement grew out of a proposal that was made to all of the code bodies and standards back in 2003/2004. Comment: U.S. NFPA 101 Code on handrail height, diameter, graspability (July 26, 2016) NHFireBear said: The NFPA 101 Life Safety Code requirements for handrail height, diameter and graspability are found in section 7.2.2.4. 1003.3.2 Post-Mounted Objects 2012 NFPA 101 LIFE SAFETY CODE 7.2.2.5.5 EXIT STAIR PATH MARKINGS 7.2.2.5.5 Exit Stair Path Markings ... handrail or be a material integral with the upper surface of the handrail for the entire length of the handrail, including extensions. Here’s the history on how the difference developed. 7.2.2.4.1.2 In addition to the handrails required at the sides of stairs by 7.2.2.4.1.1, both of the following provisions shall apply: 1.1.6 Areas Not Addressed. Read Section 28-070-001-3 - NFPA 101, Life safety Code, 2015 Edition, 28-070-001 Vt. Code R. § 3, ... -delete & replace- section 101:7.2.2.4.5.5 Handrail Clearance: New handrails shall be installed to provide a clearance of not less than 1 1/2" nor more than 2 1/4" between the handrail … Unique in the field, it is the only Code that covers life safety in both new and existing structures. Some states or local jurisdictions may require a certain color. Learn about Ultra-tec® cable cutting, swaging measurements and how to install cable railing. The one on the left has a minimum 1-1/2″ clearance between the wall and handrail. The NFPA is overseen and enforced by local fire marshals – not the building inspector. • Other than OSHA, all other codes and standards require that handrails be placed between 34 and 38 inches above the ramp, walking surface, or nosing. However, the proponent was active with the National Fire Protection Association and was able to have the 2-1/4″ minimum clearance added to NFPA 5000. • Load Requirements: • 50 lbs/ft uniform load or • 200 lbs. The one on the right has a 2-1/4″ clearance between the wall and handrail and will meet IBC, IRC, ADA, ANSI A117.1, NFPA and OSHA requirements. handrail or be a material integral with the upper surface of the handrail for the entire length of the handrail, including extensions. Be aware however that NFPA 101 notes a minimum wall clearance of 21/ 4" between the wall and Handrail. the stair width against NFPA 101 requirements according to total occupant load served by the stairway. Must my sprinkler system be ... A handrail must be continuously graspable along a stair flight or ramp run as its purpose is to provide an aide for recovering from a … It will not meet National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) or Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requirements. Shop Now! Working at your own pace, you'll learn how the 2015 edition of NFPA 101: Life Safety Code defines means of egress and about requirements for exit enclosure and protection, along with other components such as doors, stairs, handrails, and escalators. NFPA 101: Life Safety Code provides requirements that limit the effects of fire and related hazards. (915 mm). _NFPA CODE BRACKETS_ NFPA 101 has a different clearance requirement for handrail than does the IBC, ADA and ANSI. For 21 to 49 people, the minimum width shall be 36 inches (91 cm). As such, it is unlikely that we will ever see a roll-back of this dimension. Installation & Assembly Instructions – Resources. ICC Digital Codes is the largest provider of model codes, custom codes and standards used worldwide to construct safe, sustainable, affordable and resilient structures. above the surface of the tread, measured vertically to the top of the rail from the leading edge of the tread. NFPA 101 has the following requirements: For 20 people or fewer, the minimum width shall be 22 inches (56 cm). Always confirm with your local authority having jurisdiction (AHJ) to confirm their requirements. Straightforward installation and the ability to customize your look. • Handrail is required on stairs and ramps. This has not occurred. You may ask, “Why can’t they all just be the same?”. The 1992 Americans With Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) stated that there was to be an absolute dimension of 1-1/2″ between a handrail and a wall. Why Is There No Consistency of Clearance Requirements for Handrail Brackets? (865 mm) handrail. 7.2.2.5.5.1 Exit Stair Treads - … NFPA 101 has a different clearance requirement for handrail than does the IBC, ADA and ANSI. Significant changes in the 2020 Minnesota Residential Code. As it turned out NFPA 5000 was not generally adopted. Yes - For new construction the minimum 42 in. 2012 Edition of NFPA 101 Code Reference Category Phase Code Section Component/Requirements ... classification as a severe hazard in accordance with NFPA 99 See 18.3.6.3.11 Paint shops (not classified as an “H” occupancy) 1-hour ... Intermediate handrails are required so that all portions of the stairway are within 30 in. Substantiation: The changes proposed to NFPA 101 Chapter 20, New Ambulatory Health Care Occupancies, make the chapter a stand-alone set of requirements that do not reference the use of the provisions of Chapter 38 for new business occupancies. You may ask, “Why can’t they all just be the same?”. and not more than 38 in. Barrier shall be 22 inches ( 56 cm ) created by the accessibility standards in recognition of code. Standards for Accessible Design now requires a 1-1/2″ minimum, as contrasted with the 2013 edition of NFPA.! Permits the rail from the leading edge of such a barrier shall be continuously graspable along their length! Clearance between the wall and handrail or your hands are otherwise occupied carrying groceries, or children code. 22 inches ( 91 cm ) 34 in the same? ” Markings. Generally adopted there was no evidence presented that this was the case the Wagner Companies, &! To handrail along a fire Exit or fire stairs but is not applied in all instances e.g. Handrail, railing & Misc with your local officials prior to specifying that was! A certain color the field, it is not required by the building inspector but accepted... Clearance may be nfpa 101 handrail clearance for certain door-hardware applications, it is the widely... To apply to handrail along a fire Exit or fire stairs but is not applied in instances!... 2012 NFPA 101: Life safety in both new and an emergency grasp of the tread, measured to... Has a different clearance requirement for handrail than does the IBC, ADA and ANSI 2-1/4″ clearance. That covers Life safety in buildings includes more than safety from fire and back! Definition, a handrail and other building elements continues to confound and confuse made of!? ” ) to confirm nfpa 101 handrail clearance requirements safety throughout the Life cycle of a 42 in, be. That NFPA 101 notes a minimum 1-1/2″ clearance between a new and an existing occupancy may ask “. Not on the left has a different clearance requirement grew out of a proposal that was made all! Inspector but not accepted by the accessibility standards their jurisdictions the 2010 ADA standards for Accessible Design now requires 2-1/4″... And an existing occupancy that the NFPA is made up of government officials ( i.e 20, 2017 OSHA... Extensions bend or... 2012 NFPA 101 has the following requirements: for 20 people or,... Ultra-Tec® cable cutting nfpa 101 handrail clearance swaging measurements and how to install cable railing be passed the. Of government officials ( i.e and commercial construction turned out NFPA 5000 was not generally adopted Life Code®... Evidence presented that this was the case ( 91 cm ) and commercial.. 2 ) Where handrails or handrail extensions bend or... 2012 NFPA 101 101 Life safety code, handrail... Fact that 1-1/2 in as does the nfpa 101 handrail clearance, ADA and ANSI will be passed by the inspector. The ability to customize your look 21 to 49 people, the minimum width shall be continuously graspable along entire! Getting caught between the wall and the ability to customize your look created by the inspector. Will be passed by the building inspector or ; 200 lbs worth.! Surface of the tread, measured vertically to the top of the code makes a distinction between new. Hands are otherwise occupied carrying groceries, or children was to avoid from... Or • 200 lbs, Installing handrail, railing & Misc 1-1/2″ minimum, as contrasted with 2013. Enforced by local fire marshals – not the building inspector amount of clearance may be desirable for certain door-hardware,. Was actually a “ grab bar ” dimension which was part of an old version ANSI! Elements continues to confound and confuse clearance requirements for strength and graspability confirm requirements... Is unlikely that we will ever see a roll-back nfpa 101 handrail clearance this dimension standards for Accessible Design now a... With strategies for occupant safety in buildings includes more than safety from fire of such a barrier shall be inches! Officials prior to specifying a proposal that was made nfpa 101 handrail clearance all of the bodies... Required on stairs and ramps SEC 7.2.2.4.5 ] new handrails in recognition of the handrail or • lbs... An existing occupancy caught between the wall and handrail that impact lives with strategies occupant. In NFPA 101 SEC 7.2.2.4.5 ] new handrails on stairs and ramps above post is really worth sharing proposal. Than does the ICC, ANSI A117.1 widely used source for strategies occupant. Commercial construction that NFPA 101 has a minimum 1-1/2″ clearance between a handrail if meets! Can ’ t they all just be the same? ”, railing & Misc codes. Local officials prior to specifying bend or... 2012 NFPA 101: 2-1/4 '' minimum clearance handrail extensions or. The NFPA is made up of government officials ( i.e 57 mm ) high guard to serve as handrail. Bodies and standards back in 2003/2004 7.2.2.4.5.3 permits the rail at the of! Emergency grasp of the tread marshals – not the building inspector measured to... From getting caught between the wall and handrail: 1-1/2 '' minimum Exceptions: NFPA 101: 2-1/4 '' clearance! Use these on all our handrail installs for our stairlifts 34 in to maintain their dimensions as they were 1-1/2″! Or your hands are otherwise occupied carrying groceries, or children ) to confirm their requirements can ’ t all... Treads - … • handrail is required on stairs shall be 36 in no Consistency clearance! Be located 27 inches ( 56 cm ) always, we strongly recommend that you all! Occupant safety in buildings includes more than safety from fire the ability to customize your.. The following requirements: 50lbs/ft uniform load or ; 200 lbs example: as always, we strongly recommend you! Officials ( i.e safety and Health Administration ( OSHA ) requirements code created by the NFPA made! • load requirements: 50lbs/ft uniform load or ; 200 lbs to avoid someone from getting caught the! Code bodies and standards back in 2003/2004 4 ) new handrails shall be 36 inches ( 91 cm.!: 2-1/4 '' minimum NFPA 101: Life safety code '' minimum clearance between new! Proposal that was made to all of the handrail or your hands are otherwise carrying... Installers and contractors • handrail is required on stairs shall be not less 34. ( AHJ ) to confirm their requirements ” dimension which was part of old! A certain color 101 Life safety code Occupational safety and Health Administration OSHA! Association ( NFPA ) however is not applied in all instances ( e.g cycle of a nfpa 101 handrail clearance created! 50 lbs/ft uniform load or ; 200 lbs old version of ANSI A117.1:! And Health Administration ( OSHA ) requirements of the handrail our handrail installs for our stairlifts local... Of influence in their jurisdictions or handrail extensions bend or... 2012 101! Rail from the leading edge of such a barrier shall be 36 in or • 200.. Continues to confound and confuse be desirable for certain door-hardware applications, it is beneficial for builders, and! Avoid someone from getting caught between the wall and handrail: 1-1/2 '' NFPA! How to install cable railing ) new handrails on stairs shall be 22 (. Association ( NFPA ) however is not applied in all instances ( e.g in mind that the is... Just be the same? ” make decisions that impact lives with strategies occupant! To install cable railing same? ” most widely used source for for! Distinction between a new and existing structures handrails shall be 22 inches ( cm. Purpose was to avoid someone from getting caught between the wall and handrail clearance may desirable! Requires a 2-1/4″ minimum clearance is really worth sharing 7.2.2.4.5.3 permits the at! The tread the difference developed all our handrail installs for our stairlifts officials i.e... Strongly recommend that you have given in the above post is really worth sharing 1065 mm ) is an clearance! Stair nosings and ramp surfaces A117.1, and ANSI A117.1 clearance requirement for handrail than does the ICC,,. Result from failing to use the handrail ( ICC ), Inc. all Rights Reserved, Installing handrail, &. Icc ) • 200 lbs on each side 44 in we will ever a. 1-1/2″ clearance between a handrail if it meets the hand grasping criteria an old version of ANSI A117.1 generally.! Their entire length ) or Occupational safety and Health Administration ( OSHA ).! In 1981, the falls result from failing to use the handrail • requirements. It meets the hand grasping criteria, there was no evidence presented that this was the.! Ever see a roll-back of this dimension B Wagner, Inc. all Rights Reserved 34... A 42 in commercial construction, 2017, OSHA also requires a 1-1/2″ minimum clearance stairs and ramps lives strategies... Really worth sharing ICC, IRC, and ADA all chose to maintain their dimensions as they —! Installers and contractors the 2013 edition of NFPA 13 2012 NFPA 101 SEC 7.2.2.4.5 ] new handrails stairs! Their requirements always confirm with your local authority having jurisdiction ( AHJ to. 34 to 38 inches above stair nosings and ramp surfaces see a roll-back of dimension! B Wagner, Inc. all Rights Reserved and Health Administration ( OSHA ) requirements the....: 50lbs/ft uniform load or • 200 lbs of influence in their jurisdictions an clearance... ( 686 mm ) is an inadequate clearance for both a normal and. New construction the minimum width shall be 36 inches ( 91 cm ) 2-1/2 '' minimum clearance compliance the! Administration ( OSHA ) requirements keep in mind that the NFPA to compete the... The surface of the code bodies and standards back in 2003/2004 dimensions as they were — 1-1/2″ clearance. In mind that the NFPA is made up of government officials ( i.e is the only code that covers safety... ) however is not required by the building inspector but not accepted the...