While rehmannia and cornus are the most frequently used herb formula ingredients with iridoids, other Chinese herbs also contain them as active ingredients, mainly gardenia and plantago seed. It is considered an effective herb for hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer, but must be used cautiously as there have been reports of liver … This is in the yam family, and the herb is sometimes simply referred to as "Chinese yam.". There are many types of cancer treatment. Wild yam has been used to treat menopausal symptoms. Wild yam is found in many parts of the United States, Mexico, and Asia and has been used medicinally for centuries. Clarity (as in the "clean part") is a concept that is applied to fluid essences, including moisture, phlegm, and qi (there is a description of "clear yang" rising to the head, an essence that aids mental processes, and this refers to the yang aspect of qi). It is also used as a substitute for estrogen cream, which helps combat vaginal dryness in women. This chemical, called diosgenin, was used to manufacture the first oral contraceptive. The formula has three basic therapeutic actions: The three therapeutic actions taken together help alleviate excessive vaginal discharge (whether as leukorrhea or bleeding). It has a fleshy, potato-like root (tuber) that is used for food in times of famine or for making medicine. Damp and heat are two pathological influences that can combine together, producing a "damp-heat" syndrome. Two main examples are: Huangyaozi: obtained from Dioscorea bulbifera, it is used to resolve phlegm, and is especially employed in treatments for phlegm-mass of the throat area, namely thyroid swelling (see: Treatments of thyroid diseases with Chinese herbal medicine) and esophageal cancer (5). Anti-inflammatory, wound healing and antioxidant potential of compounds from Dioscorea bulbifera L. bulbils The pharmacology of diosgenin and the other steroidal compounds from dioscorea have not been investigated to a great extent (a small amount of investigation was done over 20 years ago); however, the effects may overlap those of many similar compounds found in herbal medicines, especially Chinese herbs (see: Platycodon and other Chinese herbs with triterpene glycosides). Dioscorea Opposita is used for Estrogen replacement therapy, Vaginal dryness in older women, Premenstrual syndrome, Menstrual cramps, Weak bones, Increasing sexual drive in men and women, Breast enlargement and other conditions. Most treatments of wild yam remedies consist of boiling the plant roots, which are harvested in autumn and dried. Overview. These herbs together function somewhat like the formula, Clear heat. However, no investigations have considered the antimetastatic potential of … It has also been used to treat morning sickness in pregnant women and to ease the … In the 1950s, scientists discovered that the roots of wild yam (not to be confused with the sweet potato yam) contain diosgenin. Shanyao is neutral and sweet. Dioscorea japonicaThunb., traditionally used in folk medicine in Korea for the treatment of hyperglycemia, is known to have biological activity. When creams made from the root of Dioscorea villosa are applied to a woman's skin, it is thought to trigger the body’s natural progesterone production. It is from the rhizome of Dioscorea hypoglauca or plants with similar tubers, such D. tokoro and D. septemloba. • Dioscorea are used for the treatment of Addison’s disease, some allergies, bursitis, contact dermatitis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, sciatic, Brown Recluse Spider Bites, insect stings, and other diseases and ailments (Foster and Duke, 1990). The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Overview Information Bitter yam is a plant that grows in Africa. The flowers smell like cinnamon and the twining vine is attractive for arbors, trellises, and along … It may also be useful in resolving phlegm-masses, such as occurs with neurofibromatosis. Dioscorea polystachya has also been used traditionally as a contraceptive and in the treatment of various disorders of the genitary (genital?) Some people with cancer will have only one treatment. Contaminating substances combining with the fluid essence produces the condition of "turbidity." Dampness helps the heat to stagnate and to sink downward; damp-heat syndromes especially affect the lower abdomen (and sometimes the legs). Heat causes dampness, which is often associated with swelling and/or discharge, to produce symptoms of itching, burning, and redness; the discharge may become discolored rather than clear or white. Cuttlefish bone (the bone of a cephalopod similar to the squid) has properties that are much like those of another famous Chinese medicine, mantis egg-case (see the article: Sangpiaoxiao San). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Dioscorea villosa has been used to treat menstrual cramps. The obstruction in the joints is partly due to stagnation and turbidity of fluids in the joint space. Herein we report the promises of Dioscorea bulbifera and its bioactive principle, diosgenin as novel α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitor. Both of those herbs help to treat damp accumulation and heat. In Western herbalism, Vitex agnus-castus (chasteberry) is used for menstrual and menopausal disorders; it mainly relies on iridoids as active components. These findings provide more evidence to support the traditional use of D. bulbifera for the treatment of wounds and inflammation. The plant is not self-fertile. However, the main active components of dioscorea are steroidal compounds, diosgenin and its variants. The Chinese name is chuangu (river bone), referring to the fact that it is grown in water and its rhizome is white like bone. The anti-arthritis effects are probably the same as those mentioned previously for diosgenin.. Acorus (shichangpu) is often used for clearing the phlegm-mist type of turbidity that affects mental function, but is also used for turbidity elsewhere. Dioscorea bulbifera rhizome (DBR), termed as "Huangyaozi" in Chinese, has been widely used in the treatment of goiter , gastric cancer, and carcinoma of rectum [20, 21]. Remedies are then given as infusions or the extract is added to creams, ointments, and capsules. Tonifies restores depleted qi by tonifying the spleen and kidney. The fresh plant can cause severe vomiting, diarrhea, and headache. The tubers Of Dioscorea are use in the management of a number of diseases such as gastrointestinal disorders, sour throat from struma, diarrhea, irritability, antimicrobial, antioxidant, stomachic and hypoglycemic activities . An Ayurvedic herb, saraca (see: Excessive uterine bleeding), is also helpful for this purpose. Diosgenin, a spirostanol glycoside, is being investigated as a potential treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (3), though in amounts much larger than would be obtained from shanyao in traditional preparations. A version of this formula has been used extensively world-wide; it is a proprietary product (pictured, below) of the Tianjin Lerentang Pharmaceutical Factory; however, several other factories produce slightly different formulations under the same name. Qianjin means "a thousand gold pieces" suggesting the great value of the remedy. It is a distant relative of the lotus, sometimes called the "yellow pond lily." These other two species have in common the treatment of phlegm accumulation and wind-damp syndromes (arthritis and skin inflammation) which represent manifestations of turbidity and moisture accumulation, conditions generally treated by Dioscorea species. Diosgenin is used as a raw material for pharmaceutical production of steroidal hormones; however, the hormonal activity of the natural compounds is quite weak. Since Qianjin Zhidai Wan comes in differing formulations, and since the package labels for imported Chinese products are often incomplete, the ingredients described below are for ITM's Pine Mountain version, for which the ingredients are correctly specified. Creams and dietary supplements made from the related Dioscorea villosa are claimed to contain human hormones and promoted as a medicine for a variety of purposes, including cancer prevention and the treatment of Crohn's disease and whooping cough. Air Potato is a good herbal cure for Skin afflictions like Carbuncles, whose outcome is an array of Boils. In this work, tetraploid plants of Dioscorea zingiberensis were obtained by colchicine treatment of shoots propagated in vitro.The highest tetraploid induction rate was achieved by treatment with 0.15% colchicine for 24 h. Iridoid Complex is a combination of concentrated herb extracts rich in iridoids with the addition of two herbs that have other types of active constituents: dioscorea and nuphar. USES: Wild yam has been used for menstrual cramps and discomfort, rheumatoid arthritis, stomach cramps and pain from gallstones. Its main applications are for regulating menstruation and for alleviating discharge: leukorrhea and excessive uterine bleeding. Dioscorea villosa also contains anti-inflammatory properties. Shanyao is used extensively in formulas for tonifying the kidney, often combined with rehmannia and cornus for that purpose. In addition, the root of wild yam possesses a chemical similar to the female hormone progesterone. By far the most common is Dioscorea opposita (= Dioscorea batatas), for which the rhizome (tuber) is used; it is called shanyao (mountain herb). Wild yam has had a long history of use in treating everything from menstrual cramps and PMS (premenstrual syndrome) to hot flashes and vaginal dryness. It is in flower from September to October. This plant affords one of the best and fastest cures for bilious colic, it is especially helpful in treating the nausea of pregnant women and has been used to ease the pain of childbirth. It is presumed by some that wild yam extracts can offer many of the same benefits of these pharmaceutically produced steroids. In the 18th and 19th centuries, herbalists used wild yam (Dioscorea villosa) to treat menstrual cramps and problems related to childbirth, as well as for upset stomach and coughs. Although the two herbs, shanyao and bixie, are listed in differing parts of the Materia Medica and described differently (the former emphasizing tonic effects, the latter emphasizing "separating effects") it is likely that these two actually have overlapping effects. Derived from the root of a twining vine, wild yam was traditionally used for its antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties to treat menopausal symptoms, gastrointestinal ailments, muscle spasm, asthma, joint pain, and rheumatoid arthritis (1) (2). The most common medicinal use of Dioscorea villosa was for the treatment of female conditions. The studies of Dioscorea were at first prompted by economic reasons, mostly for the species used as food.The other kind of investigations concerned species containing steroidal sapogenins, of which diosgenin is of special pharmaceutical importance. Saussurea is also included in the prescription for its warming and moisture dispersing qualities. The suggested method of using Iridoid Complex is to have patients take 1 tablet three times daily (or 2 tablets twice daily) along with another therapy, such as a kidney tonic formula, in order to greatly increase the amount of the key ingredients and better assure effectiveness of the treatment. Scabicides used to treat human scabies are available only with a doctor’s prescription. Although not mentioned in the description here by Yang, bixie is also used in the treatment of wind-damp syndrome, especially for rheumatoid arthritis. Dioscorea nipponica Makino has been used for the treatment of chronic bronchitis, rheumatoid arthritis, cough, and asthma. Its composition is similar to that of shanyao, but it is a more bitter taste, possibly due to higher level of the steroidal compounds. Zhidai means to stop the discharge; dai refers most specifically to a "thready" discharge and is the term often used for leukorrhea, but coagulated blood, as discharged during menstruation, will also produce the condition called dai. It can be used for patients suffering from a lack of appetite, fatigue, loose stools, and shortness of breath, thirst, and sweating. The health benefits of Dioscorea are many including benefits in rheumatoid arthritis, muscular rheumatism, cramps and intermittent claudication, cholecystitis, … Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. Wild yam has antiproliferative (3) and antimitotic effects (4) in vitro, and animal … α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitors aim to explore novel therapeutic agents. Diabetes mellitus is a multifactorial metabolic disease characterized by post-prandial hyperglycemia (PPHG). In the description above, the turbidity is made evident in the cloudy urine or the large amount of milky fluid (leukorrhea), and this is associated here with accumulation of damp in the lower burner; the accumulation is related to blockage of the free flow of moisture. Its taste is bitter and its nature is cold. Wild yam (Dioscorea villosa) is a tuberous perennial vine with greenish-yellow, heart-shaped leaves. It is considered an effective herb for hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer, but must be used cautiously as there have been reports of liver damage due to use of this herb. Dioscorea polystachya has been, and is still frequently planted for its ornamental value. Itis used for the treatment of rheumatic arthritis and also used as oral contraceptives. Chuanshanlong: obtained from Dioscorea nipponica; it is used to vitalize blood and relax tendons, promote fluid metabolism, and disperse phlegm. Together, these are said to warm the uterus and kidney and to circulate moisture. Well-known formulas with this trio of herbs include (1): Shanyao is also used in spleen qi tonics, such as Shen Ling Baizhu San and Guzhen Tang, where it is a relatively minor constituent, taking second place to the more potent atractylodes. Wild yam has had a long history of use in treating everything from menstrual cramps and PMS (premenstrual syndrome) to hot flashes and vaginal dryness. Scabies Treatment: Products used to treat scabies are called scabicides because they kill scabies mites; some also kill mite eggs. Herein we report the promises of Dioscorea bulbifera and its bioactive principle, diosgenin as novel α-amylase … It is mainly used in cases of arthralgia affecting the lower back and legs. Some herbal/ diet supplement products have been found to contain possibly harmful … and bronchitis. C 32 mg Vit. This salt may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. It is an astringent, a tonic for deficiency of kidneys, and sedative. Wild yam was used as a medicinal herb by the Mayans and the Aztecs, possibly as a pain treatment. Diabetes mellitus is a multifactorial metabolic disease characterized by post-prandial hyperglycemia (PPHG). Qianjin Zhidai Wan is a well-known product used in China to tonify and warm the kidney and spleen while clearing heat and restraining leakage. One of the well-known formulations with tokoro is the Tokoro Combination (Bixie Fenqing Yin), which is comprised of equal parts tokoro, alpinia, acorus, and lindera (4). It is especially used by women. Dioscorea batatas is a PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). It also has a slightly astringent property which is helpful for stopping diarrhea. A formulation similar to this one, but with shanyao in place of bixie, is called Suoquan Wan, and is used for treatment of frequent urination or urinary incontinence. It does not have the function of clearing heat, but it is able to separate dampness from heat and separate the clean part of water from the turbid part and it is good at eliminating dampness. REQUIREMENTS The sedative action of the herb is due to alkaloids (lotus has sedative action due to alkaloids as well). However, research has shown that wild yam may not be effective in treating this condition. organs as well as for asthma and arthritis (Plants for a Future 1997). The tonification of the spleen and kidney help to keep the blood within the vessels, aid the circulation of blood in the uterus, and get rid of excess damp; the astringent herbs reduce both blood and fluid discharges; the herbs for clearing heat help prevent the blood from escaping the vessels and reduce infections. This is accomplished with indigo (. Medication Uses | How To Use | Side Effects | Precautions | Drug Interactions | Overdose | Notes | Missed Dose | Storage. Other medicinal uses of Dioscorea villosa include the treatment of insomnia, headaches and migraines, asthma, and rheumatoid arthritis. can be cured with the inclusion of this herb. The most common medicinal use of Dioscorea villosa was for the treatment of female conditions. This is accomplished with dioscorea as spleen/kidney tonic, boosted by codonopsis and atractylodes for the spleen and dipsacus and fennel for warming the kidney. 13. It should be noted that Dioscorea hypoglauca is being investigated for anticancer activity (6), especially of the component protodioscin (which is also found in the Chinese herb tribulus). Both herbs aid in the treatment of moisture disorders, and the idea of being able to "separate dampness from heat" and the "clean part from the turbid part" may help us understand their properties and functions. Dioscorea opposita has been used to treat fatigue and weakness. The description of bixie may give some insights into the use of shanyao. The syndrome it treats is one of deficiency of the kidney with invasion of coldness, causing symptoms of frequent urination with discharge of mucus in the urine (this is the evidence of turbidity). Dioscorea villosa, Dioscorea alata. GENERIC NAME: WILD YAM (Dioscorea villosa) - ORAL. So, examples of damp-heat syndromes include infections of the kidney, bladder, large intestine, and reproductive organs. 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