This book is on urban resilience – how to design and operate cities that can withstand major threats such as natural disasters and economic downturns and how to recover from them. ISO 37120, this is the International Organisation for Standardisation document titled Sustainable Development of Communities – Indicators for City Services and Quality of Life. : Business Dynamics: Systems Thinking and Modeling for a Complex World (2000), Manetsch, T.J., Park, G.L. To operationalize the theory for planning practice, a surrogate measure—the percent floodable area—is … J. Simul. Green economies for resilience In its work, the programme has established an active partnership with the City of Johannesburg, and Cutter, S.L., Ash, K.D., Emrich, C.T. Resilience has become an important goal for cities, particularly in the face of climate change. Environ. This book is on urban resilience – how to design and operate cities that can withstand major threats such as natural disasters and economic downturns and how to recover from them. “Inserting Rights and Justice into Urban Resilience: A Focus on Everyday Risk.” Environment and Urbanisation 29 (1): 123-138. Accessed April 20, 2018. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, ICCSA 2019: Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2019 2016. Existing definitions are inconsistent and underdeveloped with respect to incorporation of crucial concepts found in both resilience theory and urban theory. (2016). Not logged in UNISR: Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 (2015). Sharifi, A., Yamagata, Y.: Resilience-oriented urban planning. Ann. In his conceptualization, resilience refers to an ecosystem’s ability to “persist” in the face of a disturbance or change, but this persistence does not necessarily mean that the system remains static. Plan. Urban Resilience is a research area in the section of Civil and Architectural Engineering. “Building Urban Resilience: Principles, Tools and Practice.” The World Bank. In: Calabrò, F., Della Spina, L., Bevilacqua, C. Urban Geogr. “Food Production and Density: The Design of a High-Rise Housing Development in Singapore.” In Growing Compact: Urban Form, Density and Sustainability, Joo Hwa P. Bay and Steffen Lehman, eds., 238-250. WEF: The Global Risk Report 2018 13th Edition. Waste Manag, Güneralp, B., Seto, K.C. Urban areas house the majority of the world's population, and, in … [15] Maruyama, Hiroshi. [3][4][5][6]. Sustain. J. Urban centers are 2015. Renew. identify resilience capacities and an urban resilience theory of change. “Resilience as a Unifying Concept.” International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (3): 303-324. 2016. Sellberg, M., Wilkinson, M.C., Peterson, G.D.: Resilience assessment: a useful approach to navigate urban sustainability challenges. In: Yamagata, Y., Sharifi, A. [29] Resilient City. The urban-rural systems can be defined as a complex dynamic social-ecological system based on resilience thinking and transition theory. Bottero, M., Mondini, G., Datola, G. Decision-making tools for urban regeneration processes: from stakeholders analysis to stated preference methods. (eds.) New York: Routledge. LNCS, vol. “Taxonomy and General Strategies for Resilience.” In Urban Resilience: A Transformative Approach, Yoshiki Yamagata and Hiroshi Maruyama, eds., 3-21. ASTSA, pp. (13) A thorough review of existing urban resilience research shows that there is no urban resilience theory based on an Ethiopian or any other city in sub-Saharan Africa. [16] Beigi, Shima. Environment and Urbanization. Environ. Dubbed ‘the century of urbanisation,’ the rapid rate of urban development has seen an increasing number of megacities and urban dwellers. [20] The below diagram illustrates the urban as a multi-dimensional system, not only focussing on ecological factors such as climate change, but social, economic and political variables which operate on a network of multi-scalar levels. Bottero, M., Datola, G., Monaco, R.: Exploring the resilience of urban systems using fuzzy cognitive maps. [12] Davidson, Julie, Chris Jacobson, Anna Lyth, Aysin Dedekorkut-Howes, Claudia L. Baldwin, Joanna C. Ellison, Neil J. Holbrook, Michael J. Howes, Silvia Serrao-Neumann, Lila Singh-Peterson, and Timothy F. Smith. : Systems analysis and simulation with applications to economic and social systems. Introduction – Resilience in Cities. Ecol. 10406, pp. The theory of urban resilience to floods challenges the conventional wisdom that cities cannot live without flood control, which in effect erodes resilience. [38] However, as organisations such as UN-Habitat or 100RC develop toolkits to identify adaptive capacity, risk and methods to increase urban resilience, a new phase has emerged. DOI: 10.1177/0956247816686905. [27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35]. Electr. Int. Figueiredo, L., Honiden, T., Schumann, A.: Indicators for Resilient Cities, OECD Regional Development Working Papers, 2018/02. Abstract Dissatisfied with the large urban bias—the overreliance on large cities, spectacular space, and paradigmatic cases—and equally dissatisfied with our urban vocabularies and understandings of suburbanization and gentrification, I seek to explore how urban theory informs us about change in smaller cities and smaller suburban spaces. Springer, Cham (2018). [28] 100 Resilient Cities. “The Influence of Resilience-Based Management on Coral Reef Monitoring: A Systematic Review.” Plos One 12 (2): 1-15. 2006. D’Alpaos, C.: Methodological approaches to the valuation of investments in biogas production plants: Incentives vs. market prices in Italy. Erik Andersson. Ecol. [19] MackAskill, Kristen and Peter Guthrie. [15] Since this publication, there has been a growing interrelation between resilience and urban development. Energy Rev. Sharifi, A.: A critical review of selected tools for assessing community resilience. Three studies relate to four core “pathways” along the program’s theory of change to strengthen urban resilience: increasing resilience in cities, expanding the marketplace of resilience services and partners, and cultivating a community of resilience professionals and champions. [23]. Consequently, resilience has been increasingly defined as a malleable term, one which should be considered a unifying concept but subsequently, poses challenges of mobilising resilience theory into practice. As the cities of the world increasingly come under threat from crisis and disaster, planners are searching for ways to build resilience into the foundations of modern urban centres.This important book provides a comprehensive account of the theory and practice of urban resilience in response to a range of disruptions, including terrorism, climate change and economic crises. Rev. Meerow, S., Newell, J.P.: Urban resilience for whom, what, when, where, and why? Syst. Indic. (2016) Blending adaptive governance and institutional theory to explore urban resilience and sustainability strategies in the Rome metropolitan area, Italy. Resilience of natural assets and ecological systems 5. Natural and human-caused hazards constitute some of the acute “shocks” to which a community can be vulnerable. Cities were surprised by an external shock, and just like urban resilience theory warns, it diverted them from their development trajectories. [6] Ziervogel, Gina, Mark Pelling, Anton Cartwright, Eric Chu, Tanvi Deshpande, Leila Harris, Keith Hyams, Jean Kaunda, Benjamin Klaus, Kavya Michael, Lorena Pasquini, Robyn Pharoah, Lucy Rodina, Dianna Scott, and Patricia Zweig. [17]. Rev. Yu, C.H., Chen, C.H., Lin, C.F., Liaw, S.L. A Theory on Urban Resilience to Floods—A Basis for Alternative Planning Practices @article{Liao2012ATO, title={A Theory on Urban Resilience to Floods—A Basis for Alternative Planning Practices}, author={Kuei-Hsien Liao}, journal={Ecology and Society}, year={2012}, volume={17}, pages={48} } 2015. Since then, literature on resilient cities, urban resilience, resilient urbanism, and resilient urban … 2012. Based on this literature review, and He developed applied research in Mexico, Bolivia, Europe, Affrica and Asia, publishing more than 50 papers around urban resilience theories and implementation challenges. We are always looking for new scholars wishing to engage and contribute to our blog and urban resilience research advances, hopefully bringing theory and practices for building more sustainable, just and resilient cities. Dyn. 2017. Environ. As a result, the tools UN-Habitat mobilise, such as the City Resilience Profiling Tool (CRPT), acknowledge the totality of the urban system, addressing multi-stakeholder engagement and action. The urban climate change literature draws heavily on ecological resilience theory originally developed by Holling. B: Urban Anal. Sustainability. Urban Plan. Ecol. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307-3000, USA; olgaw@ucar.edu (O.W. Environ. Guan, D., Gao, W., Su, W., Li, H., Hokao, K.: Modeling and dynamic assessment of urban economy-resource-environment system with a coupled system dynamic – geographic information system model. Yao, H., Shen, L., Tan, Y., Hao, J.: Simulating the impacts of policy scenarios on the sustainability performance of infrastructure projects. Rev. [18] The below table highlights the many unique characteristics of each concept and illustrates why, even in resilience theory studies, the concept has several variations – it is here where we can further understand the complications with defining resilience. Resilience Theory Origins Resilience is a term originating in ecological literature, popularised by Crawford Stanley Holling’s seminal paper, Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems. This important book provides a comprehensive account of the theory and practice of urban resilience in response to a range of disruptions, including terrorism, climate change and economic crises. Glob. Pol. Whilst the research often refers to resilience theory as conceptually contested, urbanisation continues to necessitate new paradigms of urban development. Environ. Resilience and urban governance 2. Build. Comput. 2017. n.d. “Resilience.” Resilient City. Any urban resilience research that relates to Addis Ababa is based on Western theories and automatically leads to the conviction that the city needs improvement. “New Urban Agenda.” United Nations. J. Shen, Q., Chen, Q., Tang, B.S., Yeung, S., Hu, Y., Cheung, G.: A system dynamics model for the sustainable land use planning and development. Urban Resilience. Ecol. Res. 2011. Mark. The goal of this workshop is to develop a practice-driven research agenda on urban heat resilience. The application of resilience concepts to urban contexts has been roundly critiqued for its normative or even prescriptive orientation, for undertheorising its social dimensions, for omitting the social, political and cultural dynamics of communities (e.g. This book brings together a series of theory and practice essays on risk management and adaptation in urban contexts within a resilient and multidimensional perspective. Cities Soc. Indic. [33] C40 Cities. Energy Build. This evaluation model is applied to simulate two different urban scenarios for a real case study in the city of Turin (Italy). Resilience first appeared in urban studies, including urban planning and development theory, in the late 1990s and early 2000s (Mileti 1999; Godschalk 2003; Pelling 2003; Walker et al. 2017. Furthermore, goal 11 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s) aims to ‘make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable’ – resilience is the underlying mobilising philosophy of the SDG’s. Urban resilience is based on four basic pillars: resisting, recovering, adapting and transforming. “Paris Agreement.” United Nations. Accessed April 20, 2018. Urban Sustainability and Resilience: From Theory to Practice By Patricia Romero-Lankao, Daniel M. Gnatz, Olga Wilhelmi, and Mary Hayden Urbanization and urban areas are profoundly altering the relationship between society and the environment, and affecting cities’ sustainability and resilience in complex ways at alarming rates. With increasing frequency, intensity and impacts of extreme events in cities, building resilience is fast becoming one of the most important issues for cities globally. [32] ICLEI. To operationalize the theory for planning practice, a surrogate measure—the percent floodable area—is developed for assessing urban resilience to floods. 338–353. Norris, F.H., Stevens, S.P., Pfefferbaum, B., Wyche, K.F., Pfefferbaum, R.L. [22] Dicken, Peter. Urban Resilience is seen by many as a tool to mitigate harm in times of extreme social, political, financial, and environmental stress. 2004). (ed.) : System Dynamics: Modelling and Simulation. : The geographies of community disasterresilience. [36] This 3-year progression reflects the new phases of understanding urban resilience, moving towards operationalisation. New York, NY: The Guildford Press. [21][22], Figure 3. In this paper, we explore how planners in England are expected to respond to the resilience agenda against the realities in practice, zoning in on the delivery of sustainable (urban) drainage systems (SuDS). 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