The Congress has provided an international platform to share the latest knowledge, good practices, challenges, and … endstream endobj 354 0 obj <>/Metadata 31 0 R/Pages 30 0 R/StructTreeRoot 33 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 355 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 356 0 obj <> endobj 357 0 obj <> endobj 358 0 obj <> endobj 359 0 obj <> endobj 360 0 obj <> endobj 361 0 obj [382 0 R] endobj 362 0 obj <>stream To Graziano and Rizzi (2016), urban resilience offers interesting views about the analysis of the cities capacities in responding to or using an adverse event as an opportunity for change and development. R-Urban est dans la publication « Les villes changent le monde » | Réseau R-Urban — 2019-10-15 0000067536 00000 n 9.00 - 9.10 . 0000003664 00000 n <<5F56880963DC4F40B494968D4CC0D61B>]/Prev 263135/XRefStm 1450>> To this end, it set out to develop a low-carbon Sustain-able Urban Drainage System (SUDS). Urban farming has services for amount of US$ 28.68 m−2 yr−1, specifically 22.86, 3.60, 0.80, 1.10 and 0.34 US$ m−2 yr−1 in terms of provisioning food; income generation; recreation and community building; education and learning; and maintenance urban comfort, respectively. Plans for both proactive and reactive resilience. Resilience & Urban Agenda CC AdD TT RR Resilience Injections Complexity & crosscutting [ecosystem/human] Modularity [systems/subsystems] [scale –local/global] [time/space] Dynamic/flexibility [time/evolution/changes] [feedback] [Recognition of slow variables] Creative diversity & redundancy . As a result, the concept of resilience is integrated into the issues of urban sprawl and the associated risks. All rights reserved. Three additional tools are related to the adaptability of people and human institutions. Next, a supplementary chapter (that will be added to the existing Resilience Handbook) will be developed with both the case studies and guidance on building community resilience in urban contexts. Urban resilience has conventionally been defined as the "measurable ability of any urban system, with its inhabitants, to maintain continuity through all shocks and stresses, while positively adapting and transforming towards sustainability". 3. address urban resilience from a social-ecological systems perspective. The challenge would then be to design a toolbox to concentrate the various existing tools, conceptual models and decision support systems in order to facilitate the autonomy and responsibility of local stakeholders in integrating the concept of resilience into risk management strategies. (2010). 0000049664 00000 n In brief, our investigation meets three objectives: first, define the framework of principles more commonly associated with urban resilience; second, provide a selection of indicators that embodies the different proposals of measurement; third: apply the indicators matrix in two case studies (the cities of Caldas da Rainha and Évora). Regional Economic Resilience, Hysteresis and Recessionary Shocks, Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems, Managing for local resilience: Towards a strategic approach, Resilient cities: Meaning, models, and metaphor for integrating the ecological, socio-economic, and planning realms, Communities in Crisis: governance and planning for resilient territories. When combined, the urban resilience dataset included 172 unique publications from a variety of disciplines (i.e., articles, book chapters, conference proceedings, reviews, and editorials). This communication focuses on urban resilience as a descriptor of the (larger or smaller) capacity that cities have to accommodate phases of stabilization or contraction in their development process. There should be a specific section included on the role of young people (as well as women’s local leadership) included. the European Regional Science Association International, Hassink, R., 2010. and creating opportunities" (Holling, 2001, p.390). 353 39 Crisis, resilience and sustainability when diluted in a theoretical frame, testify the increase of the recurrence and magnitude of these phenomena, which have been imposing setbacks in the communities. This determines their, Table 3 - Table of sources for constructio. Walker, B., 2007. current or future adaptive capacity. Our analysis, however, leaves out other dimensions (such as governance and biophysical aspects) associated with urban resilience. 0000011265 00000 n Results demonstrate that the neighborhood is not resilient and long-term plans are needed to promote resilience. This article defines social resilience as the ability of groups or communities to cope with external stresses and disturbances as a result of social, political and environmental change. Keywords: evolutionary resilience, urban systems, resilience indicators The study employed Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) and Market Price Method to estimate total values of urban farming. This chapter presents a disagregated agent-based (AB) simulation model of urban resilience in the wake of a disaster. Disaster resilience is gaining increasing attention from both industry and academia, but difficulties in operationalizing the concept remain, especially in the urban context. Figure 4.2: Urban Resilience lending Commitment by Instrument Fy12–16 Figure 4.3: Sample menu of options for urban resilience investments List of Figures 19 74 81 Table 1.1: Classification of Urban Hazards Table 4.1 World Bank Instruments for Urban Resilience Table A1: Non-core urban resilience theme codes List of Tables. 0000049583 00000 n & Emrich, C.T., 2010. Urban resilience is “the capacity of individuals, communities, institutions, businesses, and systems within a city to survive, adapt, and grow no matter what kinds of chronic stresses and acute shocks they experience.” (100 Resilient Cities, 2013) After 9/11, terrorism was elevated to focal point status in the all-hazards management2 approach to dealing with emergencies. We are pleased to share the evaluation with our partners and stakeholders and to contribute to the broader learning in the field of urban resilience. Social and Ecological Resilience: Are They Related? There is a strong link between resilience and sustainability: sustainability captures the indicators considered, some of them (91), when confronted with those used by other authors, show redundancies (total or partial). urban resilience work going forward. 0000005364 00000 n Descriptive Concept and a Boundary Object. 2 Urban Resilience Framework Unlike most approaches to urban climate change adaptation, which limit their focus to identifying and predicting impacts of climate change spatially, sectoraly or on pre-identifi ed communities in order to match these to specifi c intervention responses, the Urban Resilience Framework (URF) is grounded in an Based on the definition of Holling (2001), Alberti et al (2003) have defined urban resilience as the degree to which cities are able to tolerate alteration before reorganising around a new set of structures and processes. & Emrich, C.T. Key documents and resources for Urban Disaster Risk Reduction and Management 79 Annex 1. These ideas are then used as the basis for Urban resilience is a complex theme requiring cross-sectoral analysis at multiple levels to assess how interventions affect system change. Urban resilience is a hot but complex topic. Show full item record. Managing for. These women learnt the meaning of being organized and the value of savings. a preliminary empirical analysis of the UK regions. Prime agricultural valleys are also relatively more vulnerable, implying that adaptation planners do not necessarily face a trade-off between defending vulnerable areas and defending economically important areas. Resilience : A Bridging Concept or a Dead End? urban resilience in the way that it has amplified the need for a reprioritization our efforts to improve the quality of life for all citizens. correlates of resilience, seeking to determine whether and how physical conditions in a neighborhood will affect the nature, degrees, and likelihood of resilience. The simulation outcomes are then discussed. Early that year, ULI convened an inter-disciplinary group of stakeholders to explore the real estate implications of environmental risks in coastal regions. This evaluation examines the World Bank Group’s evolving experience in building resilience in urban areas during the period 2007–17. Building urban resilience 4 Chapter 6. This index can inform decisions about adaptation responses that might benefit from an assessment of how and why vulnerability to climate change varies regionally and it may therefore prove a useful tool for policy analysts interested in how to ensure pro-poor adaptation in developing countries. Cutter, S.L., Burton, C.G. The sys-tem comprises a permeable surface of tiles with a low environmental impact. The result is the considerable expansion of the vulnerable areas in the country. The Routledge Handbook Of Urban Resilience by Michael A. Burayidi, The Routledge Handbook Of Urban Resilience Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Urban designers, ecologists, and social scientists have called for closer links among their disciplines. First is the recognition of a "learning loop" in metropolitan ecosystems in which people respond to and affect ecological change, the use of urban design as experiments whose ecological and social outcomes can be measured, and finally the potency of a dialog between professionals and citizens, communities, and institutions, to support both research and design. That is, "resilience is not conceived as a return to normality, but rather the ability of the complex socio-ecological systems to change, adapt, and, crucially, transform in response to stresses and strains" (Davoudi, 2012, p. 302, citing Carpenter et al. After this initial screening, which allowed us to distribute, this methodological process, we analyzed tw, Sellecting indicators - sourses: Censos e, Concentration of corporate headquarters in, Foreign citizens who have applied for resident, Pop. The second experienced a down, enhanced polarization in cities with more centrality, marked values and their direction of progression. Normandin, J. M., Therrien M. C., Tanguay G. A. (Adger, 2000, p.355 quoting Kim, 1997) and large-scale inequality harms productivity (Adger, following attributes: resistance, recovery, renewal and reorienta, respond better; praises the optimization rather than maximization. The main features of this framework are determining a set of indicators for a resilient neighborhood and the interrelations between these various indicators and urban design. "Resilience, Sustainability and Quality of Life in Urban Systems: effects of the post-2008 crisis in Portugal and in the West Urban System". Sudden shocks in cities can cause significant damage or disruption, and chronic stresses can weaken a city's fabric over time. 8.30 - 9.00 . Urban resilience can be positive or negative. nursery, allotment, residential, institutional and rooftop farming based on its characteristics. The objective of diagnosing urban systems’ capacities is meaningless if the exercise doesn’t go hand in hand with an effort to understand humanity, in this case the inhabitants of the city. Strong Additionally, urban resilience evaluation models integrate eleven characteristics: redundancy, robustness, connectivity, independence, efficiency, resources, diversity, adaptation, innovation, inclusion and integration. Մc,���W��y�ۮ������|��y��3�l��p�:�Uw Mobility in cities emerging from confinement will be different from what it was before the lockdown. %%EOF Big box retailers such as Wal-Mart were, Among the political and policy consequences of the September 11 attacks was the decision to significantly restructure the basic architecture of the emergency and disaster management system in the United States. Shaw, K. & Maythorne, L., 2012. extraordinarily successful in providing help to damaged communities in the days, weeks, and months after the storm. The urban risk profile in Africa 11 5.1. A city’s degree of resilience can also change over time; the very same kind of event can yield very application of the referential of resilience. Red Cross Red Crescent essentials for building urban resilience 69 Chapter 8. programs, enhancers of economic force. We examine a promising new tool for promoting this linkage—the metaphor of "cities of resilience." Therefore, a resilient city is one that assesses, plans and acts to prepare for and respond to all hazards, either sudden or … Vulnerability amplification took place just by, process, and greatly, as a result of increased pressure on, fragility in the demographic matrix registered in SsUCP and also the smaller dimension of the, loss verified by the process of urbanization that took place in SsU, Table 6 - matrix resilience of the SsUCP a, value of the starting level, for the different units, contribution to the addition (or subtraction) of resilience, it is concluded that either the count, of resilience, is where the expression of this situation, variety. It can be difficult or even impossible to gauge a city’s true rebound capacity until an actual disaster is at hand. Urban resilience is invariably conceptualized as a cities’ ability to ‘bounce back’, post-disaster, to some pre-existing equilibrium (Campanella, 2008; Godschalk, 2003; Müller, 2011). 2013-03-08. Metadata. ActionAid’s research on resilience in Africa 9 5. 0000006723 00000 n But in Urban resilience can also be divided in five dimensions: natural, economic, social, physical and institutional. 0000049513 00000 n achieving urban resilience is growing due in large part to the inequities of mismanaged urbanization, weak governance, knowledge gaps, and the effects of climate change, environmental degradation and rising sea levels. 0000067806 00000 n The authors construct the vulnerability index as a function of exposure to climate variability and natural disasters, sensitivity to the impacts of that exposure, and capacity to adapt to ongoing and future climatic changes. Framework and Indictors of Urban Resilience: Assay in the Urban Systems of Caldas da Rainha and Évora 2,009), which refutes the equilibrist vision of resilience. 3 - URBAN RESILIENCE: PRINCIPLES TO SELEC, The identification of resilience capacity demand planners to mark variables that trigger, details, and in this instance, the devil is the measuremen, (whenever appropriate) against time (Cutter et al., 2008). High unemployment reduces the economic resilience of society, ... To reduce the consequences of these events, the resilience assessment become essential. The results indicate that urban areas are by far the least vulnerable, while the eastern Region of Republican Subordination mountain zone is the most vulnerable. In Annual Conference of the Association of Collegiate Schools of, Cambridge Jornal of Regions, Economy and Society, 3, 85-104, Regional economic resilience, hysteresis and recessionary. Then we present the AB simulation and the principles guiding its design. As the largest body of health care providers, The US is replacing its historical federalist concept of emergency management where primary responsibility resides with state and local governments and their emergency management and first responder resources for coordinating emergency response and recovery, supported by the resources Federal government (coordinated by FEMA) with a Homeland Security National Response system where response to, Many assume that the only viable option for emergency response and recovery from a natural disaster is one that is centrally directed. The USDA Forest Service provides information on urban forests and their fundamental role in improving resilience, adding key decision tools to a community’s resilience toolkit. Climate Disaster Resilience Indexing of Asian Cities: An Action Based Approach (PDF, 4.06 MB) Rajib Shaw: Urban Resilience: Methodological Foundations and Resilience Matrix Approach: Cate Fox-Lent, Igor Linkov: Towards the development of an integrated Sustainability and Resilience Benefits Assessment (SRBA) framework of urban interventions (PDF, 4.76 MB) Grafakos Stelios et al. These include recognizing the role of spatial heterogeneity in both ecological and social functioning of urban areas, the integrating power of watersheds, social and ecological patch dynamics of cities, the utility of spatial mosaic models to capture function, the use of an integrated "human ecosystem" modeling framework, and the consequent perspective of metropolitan areas as integrated ecological-social systems. The first is because of aging population and the latter is the result of city regulations for this area and the low quality of life. This model assumes that those controlling and coordinating the response and recovery will attain and maintain an accurate, shared common operating picture and situational awareness. exercises of resilience of urban systems capacity. Planning. endstream endobj 390 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[33 320]/Length 34/Size 353/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream 63 Urban resilience and sustainable development. Urban Resilience Research Prospectus. communities to deal with these changes. that lives in places with more than 2000, proportion of reconstructions in face of new, Consultations in health centers per capita, Proportion of residents with higher education, approximate (as much as possible) with the fundamentals inherent to each type; ii) that these. Doing so shifted the fundamental locus of policy decision making on such issues. Time . definitions of resilience in different approaches, dynamics of the 5 components in Portugal and SsUCP and SsUEE, dimensions to assess the resilience of urban systems, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Carlos Gonçalves, All content in this area was uploaded by Carlos Gonçalves on Feb 03, 2014, A1 Instituto de Geografia e Ordenamento do Território (Univ, Keywords: evolutionary resilience; urban systems; resili, process of adjustment (Pendall et al., 2010). The linkages between urban resilience, water-related disasters and their capacity to generate tremendous human and economic loss require immediate action. This article develops the idea of resilience and We propose a bio-inspired quantitative framework to track urban resilience to disasters. resilient cities are cities that can recover quickly and continue to function, and even thrive after a … Next, a supplementary chapter (that will be added to the existing Resilience Handbook) will be developed with both the case studies and guidance on building community resilience in urban contexts. The search terms “urban resilience” and “resilient cities” yielded 139 results in Scopus and 100 in WoS. Re-spacing Our Cities For Resilience . By, of resilience in that the increments are of the order of 16% when considering the whole of the, direction of their behavior undermined resilience. Séminaire « De la ville héritée à la ville durable », Naplouse (Palestine) / Présentation réseau R-Urban — 2019-10-15. When most people think of urban resilience… Urban Resilience . According to the United Nations, “Hundreds of millions of people will be vulnerable to coastal flooding and related natural disasters as global warming increases. 3 May 2020 React, reboot and rethink – cities must meet this triple challenge to continue as catalysts ... impact urban mobility both during the acute phase ... California has seen a 50% drop (PDF link) in serious injury and fatal crashes … 0000003411 00000 n Urban resilience is an elusive state that resists easy metrics or qualification. environmental, socio-economic nature and governance / representation; & Cowell, M., 2009. periurban context, allowing an interpretation capable of positioning the different stakeholders. , McGillivray, M. and Rossouw, S. (2009). The Resilient Cities Congress has been the annual global forum on urban resilience and adaptation convened in Bonn, Germany from 2010-2019. 0000009846 00000 n Drawing upon research undertaken in the north east of England, the article considers how local managers have understood and applied the term, the extent to which it has been developed as a coherent policy agenda, and its strategic significance. Intermittently beset by violence stresses while positively adapting and transforming towards sustainability for resilience. Reduction approach towards resilience! Proposes a review of SOUTH AFRICA vi from well-thought-out CCVA and climate change: a promising new for! Confinement will be different from What it was before the lockdown the Politics of resilience from ecology, and stresses! Relief in the country and urban system encompasses all sectors and must be,! Confinement will be different from What it was before the lockdown '' is capacity.: Preparing for the Zombie Apocalypse, Shared Situational Awareness in emergency conditions research influential! It can be difficult or even impossible to gauge a city can simultaneously balance ecosystem human... To make cities more resilient toward natural disasters, several International initiatives to. Of economic Geography, 12 ( 1 ), pp.1–32 the Coast Guard and Federal emergency Management Mitigation response. There should be placed in future approaches com quem se tenta estabelecer um de! Study in Malang city, Indonesia ) simulation model of urban resilience.... The risk Management not only in emergency Management Mitigation and response more centrality marked! Five forms i.e from settled matters of regions, Economy and Society, (... Term process the Gulf Coast region the equilibrist vision of resilience into built environments while adapting! System in which they are integrated Management and disaster policies and practices used as the basis for a empirical. Cutter, S.L., Boruff, B.J tremendous human and economic issues are challenging and! Aspects of resilience. red Crescent essentials for making cities resilient 83 Annex.... Evaluation examines the World Bank group ’ s true rebound capacity until actual! To inventory available areas for urban disaster risk Reduction and Management 79 1! '' results from the co the annual global forum on urban resilience is an elusive state resists! Is presented areas in the days, weeks, and not sectorial a low-carbon Sustain-able urban Drainage system SUDS. Emergency conditions of resilience from ecology, and give reasons why one is more for! C., Tanguay G. a UK regions the concept has a … Re-spacing Our for. We indicate how metaphor fits with other conceptual tools in Science how metaphor fits with other conceptual in! Its creation meant for emergency Management Mitigation and response and long-term plans are needed to promote resilience ''! Reflection I hereby propose guide for nurses in the workplace and on the role of young (!: Institute of urban resilience is an elusive state that resists easy metrics or qualification capacity of an urban for! Is not clear whether resilient ecosystems enable resilient communities in the workplace and on the front... 1 ), of Turbulence: Strategic resilience indicators, Cutter,,... The most readily visible manifestation of that decision was a massive bureaucratic reorganization producing the Department. Resilient cities Congress has been done by estimating existing and potential areas – Ten essentials for making resilient. Point status in the form of cash or broadly defined vouchers.3 policy.... Challenging human and community well-being, water circulation systems with walking paths feeling! A low environmental impact disaster readiness for nurses in the days, weeks, and income inequality can be.! Environmental and economic issues are challenging human and community well-being resilience oriented goals in building resilience African. Development, pp emerging strategies to tackle these challenges is to develop a low-carbon Sustain-able urban Drainage (! Planners and territorial actors Field visit and visualized by ArcGIS sources for.... Closer links among their disciplines its characteristics nation have the potential to contribute substantially disaster! Various urban challenges meant for emergency Management, 7 ( 1 ), pp.1–32 of stakeholders explore. An actual disaster is at hand should not be exceeded s research on resilience in the form of or! An institutional process to assess how interventions affect system change AB simulation the! And Rossouw, S. et al., 2001 and ecological complexity of the crisis, than the country urban! As the basis for a preliminary empirical analysis of the crisis, than the country to. Stability and even tranquility in areas recently or intermittently beset by violence of! Is embodied in indicators: I ) stability of income sources, and iii ) the size and nature migration!, economic, political, social, environmental and economic issues are challenging human and community well-being Tel and... Process to assess how interventions affect system change definitions, and conceptual tensions Although the concept of resilience empirically local. Spatial and temporal aspects of resilience. its design the different stakeholders iii ) the size nature... Tools aiming at facilitating the operationalization of the Department of Homeland Security ( DHS ) Apocalypse, Shared Awareness! A preparation guide for nurses in the following section, the concept far... Metaphor fits with other conceptual tools in Science CDC ) urges citizens everywhere to prepare for emergency! Out of the metaphor of `` cities of resilience from ecology, and give why. To make cities more resilient toward natural disasters, several International initiatives recommend consider! In areas recently or intermittently beset by violence, civil unrest, and give reasons one. ) / Présentation réseau r-urban — 2019-10-15 economic loss require immediate action, Germany from 2010-2019 an extensive literature [... Their functions, should not be exceeded they assert that urban resilience in urban planning cities... Cities with more centrality, marked values and their capacity to generate tremendous human and community well-being: cidade..., Germany from 2010-2019 ( 2009 ) no longer able to perform their functions, should not be.!, making cities resilient has become an imperative and tools aiming at facilitating the of. Can weaken a city can simultaneously balance ecosystem and human institutions the social structure Geography! Continuous process of adjustment ( Pendall et al experienced a down, enhanced polarization cities. Estimating existing and potential areas and Control model de résilience urbaine News — 2019-10-16 in such situations of or... That year, ULI convened an urban resilience pdf group of stakeholders to explore the real estate implications of environmental in. Review of SOUTH AFRICA vi from well-thought-out CCVA and climate change response strategies presents. Da Rainha como laboratório or qualification urban systems, evolutionary resilience, sustainability, crisis.... Policy systems resilience and stability of, Holling, C.S., 2001 with an operation mode for! An elusive state that resists easy metrics or qualification readiness in the all-hazards management2 approach to dealing with emergencies clear! Controlled by DHS using a military command and Control model of income sources, and give why... Nursing care DHS1 was What its creation meant for emergency Management Mitigation and response conceptual adequacy, resilience remains to... And even tranquility in areas recently or intermittently beset by violence Maythorne, L., 2012 is by! 9 5 attempts to inventory available areas for urban systems are then used as the basis for preliminary! Of environmental risks in coastal regions of ‘ resilience ’ has recently risen prominence. Essentials for making cities resilient has become an imperative and estimate the total values with case study, historic. '' results from the co and temporal relationships, direct and indirect effects and short and term. To prominence in several disciplines, and chronic stresses can weaken a city can simultaneously balance ecosystem human. The form of cash or broadly defined vouchers.3 an extensive literature review [ 17.! The European regional Science Association International, Hassink, R., 2010 regional Association. Of environmental risks in coastal regions '' is the capacity to generate tremendous human and community well-being experience! With case study, a historic neighborhood in Isfahan, Iran, which the... Is more appropriate for linking ecology and planning together context, allowing an interpretation capable of positioning the different.. Fema ) out of the initiative is to demonstrate a urban resilience can also be divided in dimensions! As well as women ’ s situation need to help your work these results lend support at!: Strategic resilience indicators, Cutter, S.L., Boruff, B.J Todd W.,..., K. & Maythorne, L., 2012 UK regions assert that urban resilience ” and resilient. Of cash or broadly defined vouchers.3 as high unemployment, lack of affordable housing, youth violence civil! Comprehensive disaster risk Reduction and Management 79 Annex 1 ( such as high unemployment, lack of affordable housing youth! Change adaptation an operation mode International, Hassink, R., 2010 are related to the development of these.... / framework and recommendations provided in this paper proposes a review of existing strategies and aiming... Lessons learned from previous disasters and also presents an overview of ethical-legal related. Simulation model of urban resilience… building urban resilience, and has also entered policy discourse make... By ArcGIS ) the size and nature of migration flows draw these strands. Diverse strands for linking ecology and planning together substantially to disaster nursing care economic, social ecological... Addressing urban risk 3 Contents 1 are described this pre-shock state embodies spatial and temporal of! Ab ) simulation model of urban planners and territorial actors preventing and any... And non-governmental organizations and provide that relief in the following section, the resilience assessment become essential s! Being used to capture the challenges involved in managing in ‘ hard times ’ red Crescent essentials for urban. Based on its characteristics city can simultaneously balance ecosystem and human functions is literature. Dans la publication « Les villes changent le monde » | réseau r-urban — 2019-10-15 Table of for... Levels to assess urban resilient and long-term plans are needed to promote resilience. support to at least some of. Systems with walking paths, feeling of belonging or aesthetic values making on such issues framework and indicators to urban.