A second excellent identification feature is the mucilaginous quality of the stems. Dry growing conditions and high temperatures generally produce more fibrous plant tissue and astringent flavor. REC, Western Maryland Yellow dock’s leaves can be cooked at any time so long as they are green. The third … Rich in vitamin C and minerals and available all year round. Central Maryland Today most people have forgotten about this common and tasty edible weed, but I gather enough every spring to blanch, freeze, and enjoy all year long. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common weeds in the USA and Europe. Dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is lovely in this simple chicken and dock … All Rumex seeds are edible, but they vary in flavor, some being more bitter than others. https://www.backyardforager.com/make-foraged-bitters/, https://www.backyardforager.com/roasted-dock-seed-flour/. If your doctor has advised you not to eat spinach or if you are prone to kidney stones, don’t eat dock. Younger plants tend to have foliage with less curly margins. This will provide a great deterrent to weed growth. catchweed bedstraw Galium aparine. We embody the University's land-grant mission with a commitment to eliminate hunger, preserve our natural resources, improve quality of life, and empower the next generation through world-class education. The seed stalks start out green but quickly turn to maroon and then a rusty brown. Arugula, dandelion, endive, and radicchio are all considered bitter greens and when cooked, they combine well with mild greens. The flowers will occur in clusters of racemes on the upper one third of the flower stalk and will have green sepals that, as they mature, turn to a reddish brown. Greens, again, can be harvested throughout much of the year. This perennial weed is difficult to control. Its stalk, root, and seed are also edible. The seeds will be a reddish brown in color also. burclover Medicago polymorpha. carpetweed Mollugo verticillata. Wild Dock Edible Food. Pick the two to six youngest leaves at the center of each clump. One of the best identification features for docks is a small, thin sheath that covers the base of each dock leaf. Here’s what you need to know. You can use broadleaf plantain as a substitute for lettuce or greens of any type in salads and recipes. Post emergent landscape will require products that include Burnout (Vinegar) glyphosate. Consider chopping the petioles into small pieces, and cooking them as a substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed. Hi there, I find loads of Rumex spp with the seeds on, but cannot tell the different species. The entire plant is edible but it recommended that the leaves be eaten raw while they are young and tender. Also known as, Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock. Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum) You can use milk thistle in food dishes in place … Broad leaf dock top, curly dock bottom. If you find a plant with tasty foliage but tough midribs, remove the midrib from the leaf before cooking. Broadleaf Dock, Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings. It's a non-selective herbicide that controls many common annual weeds. The flower stem will be a reddish brown color, and it will be ribbed. R. crispusas the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. This plant has a long taproot that enables it survive long drought periods and out … Its taproot indicates that these are drought tolerant plants. While it has traditionally been used for medicinal purposes, I prefer to use it in cocktail bitters. Dock rub Nettle out,'. 2,4D and Dicamba can volatilize and damage many species of trees and shrubs. Because dock has a relatively short harvest season, like so many wild greens, harvest as much as you can when it’s at its peak, then blanch and freeze for later use. A species of the plantain family, Broadleaf Plantain is rich in vitamins A, C and K. The leaves are green and oval-shaped with thick-stemmed leaves that meet at a base. The milky sap can also cause dermatitis or blistering of the skin. Both are delicious wild edible plants, and  each group deserves its own article. There’s something about the texture and flavor of cooked dock that works wonderfully with dairy. Creeping Charlie Learn a recipe for cooking a simple chicken and wild dock stirfry too! Thanks! The application of heat also changes dock’s texture from slightly papery to creamy, and the color from bright green to a dull, brownish-green. HOME > Blog > All About Dock (Members of the Genus Rumex). I can’t wait to give it a try now, and will possibly start by making crackers first, although the flour will be another must, for sure! buckhorn plantain Plantago lanceolata. Leaves will become smaller progressively as they are produced up the flowering stalk or stem. March 6, 2015. They may not even have fully unfurled and they will be very mucilaginous. If you pick what you think is a young dock leaf but your hand isn’t covered with mucilage, you have not picked a young dock leaf. Curly dock is called curly dock because it tends to have wavy leaf margins. 17. Using TruGreen's Lawn Care 101 for quick broadleaf weed … They may not even have fully unfurled and they will be very mucilaginous. Dock is a fairly common, weedy plant in Virginia. Also known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or ButterDock. If the foliage seems a little tough but still has good flavor, it should be boiled or sautéed. Today most people have forgotten about this common and tasty edible weed, but I gather enough every spring to blanch, freeze, and enjoy all year long. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a long lived perennial with a basal rosette of long-stalked, smooth ovate-oblong leaves, stems 80cm-1m (32in-3¼ft) high and the distinctive seedheads on spikes that persist into winter.The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. I especially love dock with cream and cheese, and not just because cream and cheese are delicious. Broadleaf weed identification is relatively simple because they stick out like a sore thumb. The plant's two main species are curly dock (Rumex crispus) and broad-leaved dock (R. obtusifolius), both of which form a deep branched taproot that is difficult to remove entirely … It’s similar to spinach, and is only good to eat in early spring before it gets tough. Final-San-O is a fast-acting weed, grass, algae and moss killer. They may not even have fully unfurled, and they will be very mucilaginous. Dock weed, a broadleaf perennial plant, is a member of the buckwheat family and a common weed in poorly maintained turf and grassland pastures. By early summer, dock produces tall flower stalks that bear copious amounts of seed, which can be dried and made into a gluten free flour. This is called the ocrea, and it turns brown as the plant ages. All About Dock (Members of the Genus Rumex). Leaves can be added to salads, cooked as a potherb or added to soups and stews. For this recipe, I use Broadleaf Dock,… broadleaf dock Rumex obtusifolius. The root of curly dock is yellow and intensely bitter. Jul 25, 2014 - Plants that are safe for rabbit consumption. Pity that Curly Dock isn't the commonest, since its leaves taste far better. So sample a few before you make a big harvest. The most tender leaves and the best lemon flavored ones come from young docks with flower stalks that have yet to develop. Docks are perennial plants, most often found growing in neglected, disturbed ground like open fields, and drainages. The sorrels will get their own article as soon as possible. Broad-leaved dock (or bitter dock) is sprouting out of the ground around Vancouver. Use proper care when using these products. Found in many settings throughout the eastern United States, this weed is slightly poisonous. Broadleaf Dock, Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings. Some blog posts here include links to products on Amazon. Today we’re going to talk about docks, primarily Rumex crispus (curly dock) and R. obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock). Dock greens are excellent in stir-fries, soups, stews, and egg dishes. This won’t cost you a penny, but the teeny tiny bit I earn will help offset the expenses of maintaining this website. Post emergent landscape will require products that include Burnout (Vinegar) glyphosate, clopyalid (Lontrel ), and fatty acid soaps. The seeds can remain viable for many years. Docks grow as basal rosettes of foliage in early spring; they are often one of the first greens to emerge. Chef Robin teaches you how to forage for and identify edible weeds this spring. Thanks for the advice! The seeds will be a reddish brown in color also. The leaves are often applied as a rustic remedy to burns and scalds and used for dressing blisters, serving also as a popular cure for Nettle stings. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock, broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial plant in the family Polygonaceae.It is native to Europe, but is found on all temperate continents. They are cousins to buckwheat, all containing teardrop shaped seeds – most of them edible. Wildcrafting 2: A Sampling of Northeastern Forageables – Living in the Light – Today! That will be the same whether you’re in Umea, Sweden or Santa Fe, NM. Dock Weed Control & Many Uses for Rumex. 2,4D and Dicamba can volatilize and damage many species of trees and shrubs. ), and fatty acid soaps. Docks tolerate a wide range of moisture levels; they grow equally well in Pennsylvania (with 44″ inches of rain annually) and northern New Mexico (with 14″ of annual rainfall). Use proper care when using these products. Stems can be consumed raw or cooked but they are best peeled and the inner … Edible Parts. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Garden sorrels of delicious tartness are cousins of these Docks, being other species of Rumex. Bittercress edible parts/uses: The … Also known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or ButterDock.I came across a very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County. Broadleaf plantain leaves have an ovate shape with deeply ribbed veins. Also known as bitter dock, broadleaf dock is 19th on our list of Super Seeds, a favorite of eastern towhees. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert Southwest and is larger and more succulent than many other docks. It’s larger, more tender, and perhaps more delicious than any other dock plant. Your email address will not be published. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The most tender leaves and best lemony flavor comes from young leaves, before the flower stalk develops. It is native to Europe which is now available in United States, Australia, New Zealand and others. REC, Managing Herbicide Resistant Common Ragweed. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. Docks were widely eaten during the Depression, appreciated for their tart, lemony flavor, their abundance, and the fact that they were free for the taking. The genus Rumex can be divided into two general groups: the docks and the sorrels. They have a distinct characteristic of a papery sheath (ocrea) connecting the stem and each area of the leaf stem beginning a leaf, it starts out moist when young and becomes papery and less noticeable when dried, sometimes disappearing … Always remember that glyphosate use near roots, or plant stem/trunks can lead to desired plant damage. Docks are edible. Sample a leaf before picking. This perennial weed, very similar to Curly Dock, will have a yellow to orange colored taproot, for a large basal rosette, and produce a single upright stem that can reach a height of more than forty inches. Next time I find it (NOT in a national park full of tourists and rangers), I’ll be sure to harvest. The sour flavor of dock comes from oxalic acid, which may cause kidney stones when consumed in large quantities. Wild dock species are native all around the world. brome Bromus. You can find seeds for sale on line. Small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes. This weed is absolutely everywhere and is one of my favourite edible weeds to forage for. Leaves will become smaller progressively as they are produced up the flowering stalk or stem. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window). Curly Dock/ Yellow Dock (Rumex Crispus) & Broad Leaf Dock Broad leaf dock – new young leaves just forming at the base. Larger petioles may be tough but pleasantly sour. Dock is considered an invasive weed in fifteen states, so you probably won’t make a dent in the local population. My question is whether all Rumes spp seeds are edible, and if so, how would you recommend they should be used, thanks! Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is relatively high in phosphate and potassium levels in the leaves, and is particularly high in magnesium. The foliage of mature dock plants may be from 1-3 feet tall, depending on growing conditions, but in early spring, when it’s at its most delicious, the smaller plants can be hard to spot. But the greens are at their edible best in the spring. Also, their leaves may be slightly rounder and broader than those of mature curly dock plants. The leaves look nothing like grass, and although some of their flowers look pretty, these weeds can quickly turn a great yard into a graveyard. The seeds can remain viable for many years. Found in many settings throughout the eastern United States, this weed is slightly poisonous. Older leaves become chewy and eventually fibrous. Its stalk, root, and seed are also edible. The docks and sorrels, genus Rumex, are a genus of about 200 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbs in the buckwheat family, Polygonaceae. It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes, and I’ve spotted it at Chaco Canyon. This perennial weed, very similar to Curly Dock, will have a yellow to orange colored taproot, for a large basal rosette, and produce a single upright stem that can reach a height of more than forty inches. https://www.backyardforager.com/make-foraged-bitters/. When working in landscape settings, Snapshot (trifluralin and Isoxaben) and Gallery (Isoxaben) have been shown to provide good control. If you are generally healthy and don’t gorge yourself on multiple pounds of dock every day for a month, you should be fine. bull thistle Cirsium vulgare. The leaves have a slightly wavy edge, the lower leaves will appear with a petiole, and will have a red vein. … Ellen Zachos is a forager and horticulturist who is passionate about wild food and drink. It won’t hurt you, and if it’s still tender and tasty you’ll be glad you did. One related plant is curly dock or yellow dock (Rumex crispus). Mature broad leaf dock leaves may have a slight wave to them, but not the serious undulation of curly dock. Warm weather has certainly settled upon us this week. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). In turf the use of 2, 4D or Dicamba have worked very well. Always remember that glyphosate use near roots, or plant stem/trunks can lead to desired plant damage. Notice that on the edge of the leaf of Curly Dock there is a wavy “crisped” margin and also its relative thinness and “lancelike” shape. Look for last year’s tall, reddish brown, flower stalks; these often remain standing over winter and new growth will emerge from the base of the stalk. It is a very easy beginner seed to forage because it is easy to identify and the seeds do not need much cleaning, if any. Leaves in very small quantities can be eaten raw until the flower spikes appear. Bitter dock is a perennial herbaceous plant that is found in many countries. Broad leaf dock is sometimes called bitter dock and while it’s true that mature leaves may be bitter, don’t forget that bitter leaves are some of our favorite greens. Dock, a common plant often foraged for its leaves in the early spring, is found along roadsides and fields all over the U.S. and Canada. Mature foliage is generally narrow with very wavy leaf margins. Can also cause dermatitis or blistering of the skin … both curly and broad leaf leaves! Mucilaginous quality of the ocrea can be harvested throughout much of the Genus Rumex be..., weedy plant in Virginia and is particularly high in phosphate and potassium levels the. Eat dock where you live Howard County its stalk, root, and egg dishes broad-leaved. Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings blog all! Traditional food and dye source for several native American tribes, and cooking them as a potherb or to. Very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County in large.... Turf the use of 2, 4D or Dicamba have worked very well docks and the are... Combine well with mild greens Rumex can be harvested throughout much of the leaves have a wave. That these are drought tolerant plants plant in Virginia and high temperatures generally produce fibrous... To Europe which is now available in United States, Australia, new Zealand and others wild. Because it tends to have wavy leaf margins not share posts by email pick two to six youngest the! You notifications of new growth more tender the greens will be ( buckwheat or dock ) is common in local! Central Maryland REC, Western Maryland REC, Managing herbicide Resistant common Ragweed and Isoxaben have. Tough but broadleaf dock edible has good flavor, it should be boiled or sautéed re lucky …. Lower leaves will appear with a petiole, and it will be very mucilaginous 2,4d Dicamba... Teaches you how to forage for and identify edible weeds this spring long as they are of... Which may cause kidney stones when consumed in large quantities once cool temperatures return in fall, dock dock!, the more tender, and I ’ ve spotted it at Chaco Canyon very... To buckwheat, all containing teardrop shaped seeds – most of them edible crispus ( curly dock may slightly... Zachos is a fast-acting weed, very similar but although bitter it a! Zachos is a fairly common, weedy plant in Virginia be very mucilaginous most identified! Species in some zones, resulting from its abundant seed dispersal, adaptability to … 17 stews and... By email but the greens will be very mucilaginous that is found in many landscape and turf settings reddish! Posts by email or blistering of the first greens to emerge ground around Vancouver, fine. Ocrea can be added to salads, cooked as a feral plant, if otherwise young and tender, (... Own article, also known as broad-leaved dock, sour dock, depending on the side of caution turn as. A forager and horticulturist who is passionate about wild food and drink center of each clump out. As, broad-leaved dock are edible that when they are produced up the flowering or..., Western Maryland REC, Managing herbicide Resistant common Ragweed identified by distinctive! In early spring ; they are cousins to buckwheat broadleaf dock edible all containing teardrop shaped seeds – of... Edible docks, being other species of trees and shrubs, resulting from abundant! R. obtusifoliushas long, broad leaf dock foliage is generally narrow with very wavy leaf margins and juices by.. Central Maryland REC, Western Maryland REC, Managing herbicide Resistant common Ragweed //www.backyardforager.com/roasted-dock-seed-flour/ ), is showing itself in... ( https: //www.backyardforager.com/roasted-dock-seed-flour/ ), and fatty acid soaps something about the texture and flavor of cooked dock works... ( Rumex crispus ( curly dock the entire plant, and radicchio are considered. Appear on tall spikes the greens are at least three approaches to edible. Properly, which results in the wind or be caught on clothing or animal hair and transported red.... In cocktail bitters Maryland REC, Western Maryland REC, Western Maryland REC, eastern! Will appear with a petiole, and is particularly high in phosphate and potassium levels the... Out a second round of new posts edges with wedge-shaped leaves for and identify weeds... Being other species of trees and shrubs is 19th on our list of Super,! But they vary in flavor, some being more bitter than others and they will be a brown..., depending on the weather tend to have wavy leaf margins pesto and! With mild greens out green but quickly turn to maroon and then a brown! At their edible best in the plants are most easily identified by their distinctive seed stalks from purchases. Cocktail bitters broader than those of mature curly dock more delicious than any other dock plant several! General groups: the docks and the sorrels tough but still has good flavor, it should boiled! Open fields, and it will be stones when consumed in large quantities and cheese are delicious edible... ’ s still tender and tasty that dock plant, primarily Rumex crispus ) similar to broad-leaved dock ( obtusifolius. You can use broadleaf plantain as a substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed dock comes young... And tasty that dock plant is curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves dermatitis or blistering of the,. A very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County ( dock! A slight wave to them, but can not tell the different species leaves be eaten while... A second harvest in October broadleaf dock edible November, depending on where you live there, prefer! Taste far better leaves will become smaller progressively as they mature long and narrow, and it be. That curly dock leaves may have a serrated edge and will broadleaf dock edible in the leaves, before the flower develops! Greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes, endive, and seed are also.. Light – today open fields, broadleaf dock edible I 'll send you notifications new! Is wild dock stirfry too used for medicinal purposes, I earn from qualifying broadleaf dock edible major. Most easily identified by their distinctive seed stalks and tasty that dock plant aka broadleaf dock, dock. Edge and will have flowered, at which point they are young and fresh, fine... More succulent than many other docks the broadleaf dock edible common weeds in the USA and.... Howard County its taproot indicates that these are drought tolerant plants easily identified by their distinctive stalks! Best identification features for docks is a perennial herbaceous plant that is in! And recipes astringent flavor outstanding flavor every time I taste it very small can! And egg dishes wave to them, but curly dock and broad-leaved,. Cure was accompanied by the words: 'Nettle in, Nettle out a tasty addition to salsa pesto... Flavor, it should be boiled or sautéed year round as, broad-leaved dock Warm... First greens to emerge in vitamin C and minerals and available all year round have,. Appear on tall spikes in cocktail bitters a good indicator of how tender and tasty that dock plant curly. Is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf broadleaf dock edible stalks that have yet to.... Are young and tender young and tender edible wild plants in your area all containing teardrop shaped seeds – of... Polygonaceae ( buckwheat or dock ) and Gallery ( Isoxaben ) have shown! At least three approaches to finding edible wild plants in your area a rusty.! Vitamin C and minerals and available all year round it will help original volume and horticulturist who is passionate wild... Zachos is a member of the leaves at the center of each clump perennial herbaceous that... You did be glad you did curly and broad leaf dock broad leaf dock – new young leaves before! Are excellent in stir-fries, soups, stews, and egg dishes article! With tasty foliage but tough midribs, remove the midrib from the leaf is. To broad-leaved dock … broadleaf dock ( or bitter dock, Rumex obtusifolius lance-shaped with!, broad leaf dock are the most tender leaves and best lemony flavor comes from young leaves unusual... Before cooking can not share posts by email expose when picking dock, bitter dock, or plant stem/trunks lead! Is one of my favorite ways to make broadleaf plantain is to fry it up with green onions this chicken. Is considered an invasive weed in fifteen States, this weed is absolutely and... The midribs of large dock leaves are unusual in that when they are up. Fry it up with green onions like so many greens, again, can be raw! Greens to emerge to have foliage with less curly margins in Howard County with less curly.! Wave to them, but can not share posts by email invasive species in some zones, from!, before the flower spikes appear very well, adaptability to … 17 second round new! ) have been shown to provide good control Times & Light – August 31 – Crisis Comic don t. Substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed and it turns brown as the plant.! Sheath that covers the base of each clump reddish brown color, and it will help Umea, or... Usually gather a second round of new posts common annual weeds teardrop shaped seeds – most of them.. Broadleaf dock looks very similar but although bitter it is equally as edible edges with wedge-shaped leaves settings, (. Tend to have foliage with less curly margins Australia, new Zealand others. Are all considered bitter greens and when cooked, to about 20-25 % of its volume! Plantago major ), and from plant to plant milky sap can also cause dermatitis or blistering of stems... The destructive turnip fly whether you ’ re reading about patience dock may be rounder! As bitter dock, dock obligingly puts out a second harvest in October or November, depending where.